Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
• Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) is a plant or animal that has been engineered with DNA from bacteria, viruses, or other plants or animals in order to bring increased yield, drought tolerance, enhanced nutrition, or other consumer benefits.
• The American Medical Association, seven of the world’s academies of sciences (China, Brazil, India, Mexico, The Third World Academy of Sciences, The Royal Society, and the National Academy of Sciences), and the World Health Organization also testify to the safety of GMOs.
• Genetically engineered crops, and animals intended for human consumption have been developed. Recent highlights include:
– 1992: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) approved the “Flavr Savr” tomato strain which is resistant to softening and rotting, as the first genetically engineered food granted a license for human consumption.
– 2009: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ATryn, an anticlotting agent that is produced in the milk of transgenic goats. This marked the first approval of a genetically engineered animal.
– 2010: AquaBounty Technologies created the AquAdvantage Salmon that reaches its market size twice as fast as the traditional salmon due to genes from the ocean pout and a growth hormone from the Chinook salmon. The AquAdvantage Salmon is the first genetically modified animal for human consumption.
• GMOs fall outside of the scope of Stop’s mission.